What is 尽所有性、如所有性?

#1

I have often encountered this phrase 尽所有性、如所有性 used in discourses by Venerables.

Master Ri-Chang has used it much too.

In his Lamrim Commentary Track 69A, there is a English Translation:

both the real nature and the diversity of phenomena

However, I think Master Ri-Chang’s explanation in Chinese is much more relatable to me:

这“如所有性”就是换句话说,一切法的真如,简单地说。换句话说,我们就说:喏!这个一切法的真相,或者说它的本性,或者说空性,就是这个。“尽所有性”呢,说 (p143) 一切法现出来的相,那就是这些啦,或者是五蕴啦、什么六入啦、十八界啦,换句话说这个法在圈子里面就是这个,它就是它整个的边际。那进一步来说,就是那一个空性所现出来的行相、法相,或者缘起,或者是俗谛,种种所牵涉的,你归纳起来,那不外乎说五蕴,乃至于到十八界等等,这一些。

1 Like
#2

《大般若波罗蜜多经》卷第五百二十五

尔时善现便白佛言:“佛说一切智智为一切智智耶?”
佛告善现:“我说一切智智为一切智智。”
具寿善现复白佛言:“世尊。常说一切智智略有三种。谓一切智、道相智、一切相智。如是三智其相云何有何差别?”
佛告善现:“一切智者谓共声闻及独觉智。道相智者谓共菩萨摩诃萨智。一切相智者谓诸如来应正等觉不共妙智。”

《大智度论》卷八十四释三慧品所说之一切智、道种智、一切种智。

1.一切智:即了知一切诸法总相之智。总相即空相。此智乃声闻、缘觉之智。The sublime wisdom

2.道相智: 又云道种智、道种慧。即了知一切诸法别相之智,别相即种种差别之道法!此智乃菩萨之智。

根本无分别智——如所有性(唯识)、见一切法的特质、见空。天台讲的“胜义谛”。Wisdom that understands the real nature of phenomena[emptiness]. (根本)无分别智 The nonconceptual sublime wisdom.

后得无分别智——尽所有性(唯识)、见一切法的缘起、见有。天台讲的“俗谛”。Wisdom that understands the diversity of phenomena.

3.一切相智:又云一切种智、一切智智。即通达总相与别相智,即佛智。Sublime wisdom of omniscience 台家认此三智为修空、假、中三观所成,即一切智为空观所成,道种智为假观所成,一切种智为中观所成。

There are two kinds of certain goodness: the liberation that is mere freedom from cyclic existence and the sublime state of omniscience.
【决定胜中,略有二种,谓证解脱仅出生死及一切种智位,】 https://bwmonastery.org.sg/lr33a

Vairocana’s Great Enlightenment Discourse says: Lord of Secrets, the sublime wisdom of omniscience comes from compassion as its root. It comes from the spirit of enlightenment as its cause. It is brought to completion by method.
【如《毗卢遮那现证菩提经》云:“秘密主,一切种智者,从大悲根本生,从菩提心因生,以诸方便而至究竟。”】 https://bwmonastery.org.sg/lr105b

If it were correct, then the children of the conquerors who have ascended to the great levels where they have attained the nonconceptual sublime wisdom that perceives the ultimate truth, and, in particular, the eighth-level bodhisattvas, who have control over nonconceptual wisdom, would not need the bodhisattva deeds.
【此若是实,则已获得无分别智,证胜义谛大地菩萨,及诸特于无分别智获得自在八地菩萨不须修行,然此非理。】 https://bwmonastery.org.sg/lr106b

1 Like
#3

thank you for providing more information :pray: