修幻等八喻 (8 similes of illusion)

Master Ri-Chang mentioned 修幻等八喻 (8 similes of illusion) in his Lamrim Commentary Track 142b.

I googled to find out more about what these 8 similes are about.

From https://www.rigpawiki.org/index.php?title=Eight_similes_of_illusion :

  1. Dream: like a dream, objects perceived with the five senses are not there, but they appear through delusion
  2. Magical illusion: like a magic illusion, things are made to appear due to the temporary coming together of causes and conditions
  3. Hallucination or trompe-l’oeil : like a hallucination, things appear, yet there is nothing there
  4. Mirage: like a mirage, things appear, but they are not real
  5. Echo: like an echo, things can be perceived, but there is nothing there, either inside or outside
  6. City of gandharvas: like a city of gandharvas, there is neither a dwelling nor anyone to dwell
  7. Reflection: like a reflection, things appear, but have no reality of their own
  8. Apparition: like an apparition, there are different types of appearances, but they are not really there

There is a Chinese description here from https://blog.xuite.net/rwaylin/twblog/116574707-消文(2013%2F09%2F18) :

幻等八喻 ,《大般若經》卷第四百十一:「譬如 夢境、幻事、陽焰、光影、水月、響聲、空花、變化 句義實無所有。」

A more detailed Chinese description here:
http://www.lama.com.tw/content/meet/act.aspx?id=5221

There are differences in the order and in the naming. But generally I think they convey a similar meaning.
Hope it can aid us to see the illusion that we are in.